Citas y referencias científicas

CITAS Y REFERENCIAS CIENTÍFICAS

El algoritmo e información nutricional que encontrarás en MyFoodPlan se han confeccionado a partir de más de 100 estudios científicos sobre la mejora de la composición corporal y el impacto de la alimentación en nuestra salud y está bajo supervisión y actualización continua por parte de nuestros nutricionistas. A continuación, se presentan algunas de estas referencias que fueron tomadas en cuenta para la construcción de las recomendaciones nutricionales.

Williams, M.H., Nutrition for health, fitness, and sport. 2005: McGraw-Hill Science Engineering.

Carbone, J.W., et al., Effects of short-term energy deficit on muscle protein breakdown and intramuscular proteolysis in normal-weight young adults. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 2014.

Pasiakos, S.M., et al., Acute energy deprivation affects skeletal muscle protein synthesis and associated intracellular signaling proteins in physically active adults. J Nutr, 2010.

Hall, K.D., What is the required energy deficit per unit weight loss? Int J Obes, 2007.

Schoenfeld, B.J., A.A. Aragon, and J.W. Krieger, The effect of protein timing on muscle strength and hypertrophy: a meta-analysis. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2013.

Morton, R.W., et al., A systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression of the effect of protein supplementation on resistance training-induced gains in muscle mass and strength in healthy adults. Br J Sports Med, 2018.

Helms, E.R., A.A. Aragon, and P.J. Fitschen, Evidence-based recommendations for natural bodybuilding contest preparation: nutrition and supplementation. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2014.

Ainsworth, B.E., et al., Compendium of physical activities: classification of energy costs of human physical activities. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1993.
Forbes, G.B., Body fat content influences the body composition response to nutrition and exercise. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 2000.

Kondo, M., et al., Upper limit of fat-free mass in humans: A study on Japanese Sumo wrestlers. Am J Hum Biol, 1994.

Ainsworth, B.E., et al., Compendium of physical activities: classification of energy costs of human physical activities. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1993.

Wilson, J.M., et al., Concurrent training: a meta-analysis examining interference of aerobic and resistance exercises. J Strength Cond Res, 2012.

Borsheim, E. and R. Bahr, Effect of exercise intensity, duration and mode on post-exercise oxygen consumption. Sports Med, 2003.

Garthe, I., et al., Effect of nutritional intervention on body composition and performance in elite athletes. Eur J Sport Sci, 2013.

Levine, J.A., N.L. Eberhardt, and M.D. Jensen, Role of Nonexercise Activity Thermogenesis in Resistance to Fat Gain in Humans. Science, 1999.

Maltais, M.L., et al., Effect of Resistance Training and Various Sources of Protein Supplementation on Body Fat Mass and Metabolic Profile in Sarcopenic Overweight Elderly Men: A Pilot Study. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 2015.

Fagerberg, P., Negative consequences of low energy availability in natural male bodybuilding: a review. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 2018.

Burke, L.M., et al., Pitfalls of Conducting and Interpreting Estimates of Energy Availability in Free-Living Athletes. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 2018.

Bilsborough, S. and N. Mann, A review of issues of dietary protein intake in humans. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 2006.

Lemon, P.W., Beyond the zone: Protein needs of active individuals. JJ Am Coll Nutr, 2000.

Millward, D.J., Macronutrient intakes as determinants of dietary protein and amino acid adequacy. Journal of Nutrition, 2004.

Elia, M., R.J. Stubbs, and C.J. Henry, Differences in fat, carbohydrate, and protein metabolism between lean and obese subjects undergoing total starvation. Obes Res, 1999.

Saudek, C.D. and P. Felig, The metabolic events of starvation. Am J Med, 1976.

Helms, E.R., et al., A Systematic Review of Dietary Protein During Caloric Restriction in Resistance Trained Lean Athletes: A Case for Higher Intakes. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 2014.

Hector, A.J., et al., Pronounced energy restriction with elevated protein intake results in no change in proteolysis and reductions in skeletal muscle protein synthesis that are mitigated by resistance exercise. The FASEB Journal, 2018.

Heymsfield, S.B., et al., Voluntary weight loss: systematic review of early phase body composition changes. Obes Rev, 2011.

Murphy, C.H., A.J. Hector, and S.M. Phillips, Considerations for protein intake in managing weight loss in athletes. Eur J Sport Sci,, 2015.

Phillips, S.M. and L.J. Van Loon, Dietary protein for athletes: from requirements to optimum adaptation. J Sports Sci, 2011.

Jager, R., et al., International Society of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: protein and exercise. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2017.

Hector, A. and S.M. Phillips, Protein Recommendations for Weight Loss in Elite Athletes: A Focus on Body Composition and Performance. 2017.

Walberg, J.L., et al., Macronutrient content of a hypoenergy diet affects nitrogen retention and muscle function in weight lifters. Int J Sports Med, 1988.

Mettler, S., N. Mitchell, and K.D. Tipton, Increased protein intake reduces lean body mass loss during weight loss in athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2010.

Longland, T.M., et al., Higher compared with lower dietary protein during an energy deficit combined with intense exercise promotes greater lean mass gain and fat mass loss: a randomized trial. Am J Clin Nutr, 2016. 103.

Helms, E.R., et al., High-protein, low-fat, short-term diet results in less stress and fatigue than moderate-protein moderate-fat diet during weight loss in male weightlifters: a pilot study. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 2015.

Pasiakos, S.M., et al., Effects of high-protein diets on fat-free mass and muscle protein synthesis following weight loss: a randomized controlled trial. FASEB Journal, 2013.

Tipton, K.D. and R.R. Wolfe, Protein and amino acids for athletes. Journal of Sports Sciences, 2004.

Antonio, J., et al., A high protein diet (3.4 g/kg/d) combined with a heavy resistance training program improves body composition in healthy trained men and women–a follow-up investigation. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2015.

Antonio, J., et al., The effects of consuming a high protein diet (4.4 g/ kg/d) on body composition in resistance-trained individuals. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2014.
Horswill, C.A., et al., Weight loss, dietary carbohydrate modifications, and high intensity, physical performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1990.

Leveritt, M. and P.J. Abernethy, Effects of Carbohydrate Restriction on Strength Performance. 1999

Willoughby, D.S., J.R. Stout, and C.D. Wilborn, Effects of resistance training and protein plus amino acid supplementation on muscle anabolism, mass, and strength. Amino Acids, 2007.

Candow, D.G., et al., Effect of whey and soy protein supplementation combined with resistance training in young adults. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 2006.
Cribb, P.J., et al., Effects of whey isolate, creatine, and resistance training on muscle hypertrophy. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2007.

Hoffman, J.R., et al., Effect of a proprietary protein supplement on recovery indices following resistance exercise in strength/power athletes. Amino Acids, 2010.

Hoffman, J.R., et al., Effect of protein-supplement timing on strength, power, and body-composition changes in resistance-trained men. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 2009.

Hoffman, J.R., et al., Effect of Protein Intake on Strength, Body Composition and Endocrine Changes in Strength/Power Athletes. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2006.

Paolisso, G., et al., Advancing age and insulin resistance: new facts about an ancient history. Eur J Clin Invest, 1999.

Kumar, V., et al., Age-related differences in the dose–response relationship of muscle protein synthesis to resistance exercise in young and old men. The Journal of Physiology, 2009.

Manini, T.M., Energy Expenditure and Aging. Ageing Research Reviews, 2010.

Franz, M.J., So Many Nutrition Recommendations — Contradictory or Compatible? Diabetes Spectrum, 2003.

Feinman, R.D., et al., Dietary carbohydrate restriction as the first approach in diabetes management: Critical review and evidence base. Nutrition, 2015.

Hall, Kevin D., et al., Calorie for Calorie, Dietary Fat Restriction Results in More Body Fat Loss than Carbohydrate Restriction in People with Obesity. Cell Metabolism, 2015.

Chatterton, S., Zinn, C., Storey, A.G., Helms, E.R., The effect of an 8-week LCHF diet in sub-elite Olympic weightlifters and powerlifters on strength and power performance: A pilot case-study. Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning, 2017.

Vargas, S., et al., Efficacy of ketogenic diet on body composition during resistance training in trained men: a randomized controlled trial. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2018.

Gibson, A., et al., Do ketogenic diets really suppress appetite? a systematic review and meta-analysis. Obes Rev, 2015.

Kephart, W.C., et al., The Three-Month Effects of a Ketogenic Diet on Body Composition, Blood Parameters, and Performance Metrics in CrossFit Trainees: A Pilot Study. Sports, 2018.

Escobar, K.A., Morales, J., Vandusseldorp, T.A., The Effect of a Moderately Low and High Carbohydrate Intake on Crossfit Performance. Int J Exerc Sci, 2016.
Hall, K.D., Guo, J., Obesity energetics: body weight regulation and the effects of diet composition. Gastroenterology, 2017.

Cholewa, J.M., Newmire, D.E., Zanchi, N.E., Carbohydrate Restriction: Friend or Foe of Resistance-Based Exercise Performance? Nutrition, 2018.

Johnstone, A.M., et al., Effects of a high-protein ketogenic diet on hunger, appetite, and weight loss in obese men feeding ad libitum. Am J Clin Nutr, 2008.

Green, D.A., et al., A Low-Carbohydrate Ketogenic Diet Reduces Body Weight Without Compromising Performance in Powerlifting and Olympic Weightlifting Athletes. J Strength Cond Res, 2018.

Sawyer, J.C., et al., Effects of a short-term carbohydrate-restricted diet on strength and power performance. J Strength Cond Res, 2013.

Paoli, A., et al., Ketogenic diet does not affect strength performance in elite artistic gymnasts. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2012.

Chappell, A.J., Simper, T., Barker, M.E., Nutritional strategies of high level natural bodybuilders during competition preparation. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2018.

Ebbeling, C.B., et al., Effects of a low-glycemic load vs low-fat diet in obese young adults: a randomized trial. JAMA, 2007.

Gardner, C.D., et al., Weight loss on low-fat vs. low-carbohydrate diets by insulin resistance status among overweight adults and adults with obesity: A randomized pilot trial. Obesity, 2016.

Gardner, C.D., et al., Effect of low-fat vs low-carbohydrate diet on 12-month weight loss in overweight adults and the association with genotype pattern or insulin secretion: The DIETFITS randomized clinical trial. JAMA, 2018.

Danadian, K., et al., Insulin sensitivity in African-American children with and without family history of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 1999.

Arslanian, S.A., et al., Family history of type 2 diabetes is associated with decreased insulin sensitivity and an impaired balance between insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion in white youth. Diabetes Care, 2005.

Svendsen, P.F., et al., Obesity, body composition and metabolic disturbances in polycystic ovary syndrome. Hum Reprod, 2008.

Mavropoulos, J.C., et al., The effects of a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet on the polycystic ovary syndrome: A pilot study. Nutrition and Metabolism, 2005.
Kristensen, M. and M.G. Jensen, Dietary fibres in the regulation of appetite and food intake. Importance of viscosity. Appetite, 2011.

Shah, M., et al., Effect of a High-Fiber Diet Compared With a Moderate- Fiber Diet on Calcium and Other Mineral Balances in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care, 2009.

Turner, N.D. and J.R. Lupton, Dietary Fiber. Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal, 2011.

Calton, J., Prevalence of micronutrient deficiency in popular diet plans. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2010.

Sandoval, W.M. and V.H. Heyward, Food selection patterns of bodybuilders. Int J Sport Nutr, 1991.

Sandoval, W.M., V.H. Heyward, and T.M. Lyons, Comparison of body composition, exercise and nutritional profiles of female and male bodybuilders at competition. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 1989.

Walberg-Rankin, J., C.E. Edmonds, and F.C. Gwazdauskas, Diet and weight changes of female bodybuilders before and after competition. Int J Sport Nutr, 1993.

Bazzarre, T.L., S.M. Kleiner, and M.D. Litchford, Nutrient intake, body fat, and lipid profiles of competitive male and female bodybuilders. J Am Coll Nutr, 1990.
Kleiner, S.M., T.L. Bazzarre, and B.E. Ainsworth, Nutritional status of nationally ranked elite bodybuilders. Int J Sport Nutr, 1994.

Helms, E.R., A.A. Aragon, and P.J. Fitschen, Evidence-based recommendations for natural bodybuilding contest preparation: nutrition and supplementation. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2014.

Maxwell, C. and S.L. Volpe, Effect of zinc supplementation on thyroid hormone function. A case study of two college females. Ann Nutr Metab, 2007.

Ismaeel, A., Weems, S., Willoughby, D.S., A Comparison of the Nutrient Intakes of Macronutrient-Based Dieting and Strict Dieting Bodybuilders. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 2018.

Slavin, J.L. and B. Lloyd, Health Benefits of Fruits and Vegetables. Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal, 2012.

Killer, S.C., A.K. Blannin, and A.E. Jeukendrup, No evidence of dehydration with moderate daily coffee intake: a counterbalanced cross-over study in a free-living population. PLoS One, 2014.

O’Brien, C. and F. Lyons, Alcohol and the Athlete. Sports Med, 2000.

Armstrong, L.E., et al., Urinary indices of hydration status. Int J Sport Nutr, 1994.

Kraft, J.A., et al., The influence of hydration on anaerobic performance: a review. Res Q Exerc Sport, 2012.

Wing, R.R. and R.W. Jeffery, Prescribed “breaks” as a means to disrupt weight control efforts. Obes Res, 2003.

Rosenbaum, M., et al., Long-term persistence of adaptive thermogenesis in subjects who have maintained a reduced body weight. Am J Clin Nutr, 2008.

Levine, J.A., N.L. Eberhardt, and M.D. Jensen, Role of Nonexercise Activity Thermogenesis in Resistance to Fat Gain in Humans. Science, 1999.

Byrne, N.M., et al., Intermittent energy restriction improves weight loss efficiency in obese men: the MATADOR study. Int J Obes, 2018.

Trexler, E.T., A.E. Smith-Ryan, and L.E. Norton, Metabolic adaptation to weight loss: implications for the athlete. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2014.

Coelho do Vale, R., R. Pieters, and M. Zeelenberg, The benefits of behaving badly on occasion: Successful regulation by planned hedonic deviations. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 2016.

Bussau, V.A., et al., Carbohydrate loading in human muscle: an improved 1 day protocol. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2002.

Seimon, R.V., et al., Do intermittent diets provide physiological benefits over continuous diets for weight loss? A systematic review of clinical trials. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, 2015.

Harris, L., et al., Intermittent fasting interventions for treatment of overweight and obesity in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports, 2018.

Harvie, M., et al., The effect of intermittent energy and carbohydrate restriction v. daily energy restriction on weight loss and metabolic disease risk markers in overweight women. Br J Nutr, 2013.

Campbell, B.I., et al., The effects of intermittent carbohydrate re-feeds vs. continuous dieting on body composition in resistance trained individuals. 2018.
Friedman, J., P.D. Neufer, and G.L. Dohm, Regulation of Glycogen Resynthesis Following Exercise. Sports Med, 1991.

Ballor, D.L., et al., Resistance weight training during caloric restriction enhances lean body weight maintenance. Am J Clin Nutr, 1988.

Schoenfeld, B.J., A.A. Aragon, and J.W. Krieger, Effects of meal frequency on weight loss and body composition: a meta-analysis. Nutr Rev, 2015.

Stote, K.S., et al., A controlled trial of reduced meal frequency without caloric restriction in healthy, normal-weight, middle-aged adults. Am J Clin Nutr, 2007.

Leidy, H.J., et al., The influence of higher protein intake and greater eating frequency on appetite control in overweight and obese men. Obesity (Silver Spring), 2010.

Arciero, P.J., et al., Increased protein intake and meal frequency reduces abdominal fat during energy balance and energy deficit. Obesity (Silver Spring), 2013.

Iwao, S., K. Mori, and Y. Sato, Effects of meal frequency on body composition during weight control in boxers. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 1996.

Munsters, M.J. and W.H. Saris, Effects of meal frequency on metabolic profiles and substrate partitioning in lean healthy males. PLoS One, 2012.

Verboeket-van de Venne, W.P. and K.R. Westerterp, Influence of the feeding frequency on nutrient utilization in man: consequences for energy metabolism. Eur J Clin Nutr, 1991.

Farshchi, H.R., M.A. Taylor, and I.A. Macdonald, Decreased thermic effect of food after an irregular compared with a regular meal pattern in healthy lean women. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord, 2004.

Aragon, A.A. and B.J. Schoenfeld, Nutrient timing revisited: is there a post-exercise anabolic window? J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2013.

Conley, M.S. and M.H. Stone, Carbohydrate ingestion/supplementation for resistance exercise and training. Sports Med, 1996.

Ha , G.G., et al., Carbohydrate supplementation and resistance training. J Strength Cond Res, 2003.

Roy, B.D. and M.A. Tarnopolsky, Influence of differing macronutrient intakes on muscle glycogen resynthesis after resistance exercise. J Appl Physiol, 1998.

Snyder, A.C., et al., Carbohydrate consumption prior to repeated bouts of high- intensity exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 1993.

Tsintzas, K., et al., Carbohydrate ingestion prior to exercise augments the exercise-induced activation of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex in human skeletal muscle. Exp Physiol, 2000.

Kulik, J.R., et al., Supplemental carbohydrate ingestion does not improve performance of high-intensity resistance exercise. J Strength Cond Res, 2008.

Miller, S.L. and R.R. Wolfe, Physical exercise as a modulator of adaptation to low and high carbohydrate and low and high fat intakes. Eur J Clin Nutr, 1999.

Hind, K., et al., Interpretation of Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry-Derived Body Composition Change in Athletes: a Review and Recommendations for Best Practice. J Clin Densitom, 2018.

Clasey, J.L., et al., Validity of methods of body composition assessment in young and older men and women. J Appl Physiol, 1999.

Helms, E.R., et al., High-protein, low-fat, short-term diet results in less stress and fatigue than moderate-protein moderate-fat diet during weight loss in male weightlifters: a pilot study. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 2015.

Perini, T.A., et al., Technical error of measurement in anthropometry. Rev Bras Med Esporte, 2005. 11(1): p. 81–5.

Elia, M., R.J. Stubbs, and C.J. Henry, Differences in fat, carbohydrate, and protein metabolism between lean and obese subjects undergoing total starvation. Obes Res, 1999.

Suryanarayana, B.V., et al., Pituitary-gonadal axis during prolonged total starvation in obese men. Am J Clin Nutr, 1969.

Essen-Gustavsson, B. and P.A. Tesch, Glycogen and triglyceride utilization in relation to muscle metabolic characteristics in men performing heavy- resistance exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 1990.

Boesch, C., et al., Effect of diet on the replenishment of intramyocellular lipids after exercise. Eur J Nutr, 2000.

Mero, A.A., et al., Moderate energy restriction with high protein diet results in healthier outcome in women. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2010.

Garthe, I., et al., Effect of two different weight-loss rates on body composition and strength and power-related performance in elite athletes.

Ogden, J., Whyman, C., The effect of repeated weighing on psychological state. Eur Eat Disord Rev, 1997.

Strother, E., Lemberg, R., Stanford, S.C., Turberville, D., Eating disorders in men: underdiagnosed, undertreated, and misunderstood. Eating Disorders, 2012.
Daniels, M.C., Popkin B.M., Impact of water intake on energy intake and weight status: a systematic review. Nutr Rev, 2010.

Roberts, A., The safety and regulatory process for low calorie sweeteners in the United States. Physiol Behav, 2016.

Miller, P.E., Perez, V., Low-calorie sweeteners and body weight and composition: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies. Am J Clin Nutr, 2014.

Peters, J.C., et al., The effects of water and non-nutritive sweetened beverages on weight loss and weight maintenance: a randomized clinical trial. Obesity, 2016.

Mytton, O.T., et al., Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of increased vegetable and fruit consumption on body weight and energy, 2014.

Stote, K.S., et al., A controlled trial of reduced meal frequency without caloric restriction in healthy, normal-weight, middle-aged adults. Am J Clin Nutr, 2007.

Borvornparadorn, M., et al., Increased chewing reduces energy intake, but not postprandial glucose and insulin, in healthy weight and overweight young adults. Nutr Diet, 2018.

Poelman, M.P., et al., Behavioural strategies to control the amount of food selected and consumed. Appetite, 2014.




La aplicación MyFoodPlan no representa un diagnóstico médico ni está destinada a tratar o curar alguna condición médica o enfermedad. Le recomendamos consultar a su médico antes de utilizar cualquier programa de nutrición sugerido por la aplicación MyFoodPlan.

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